Also known as the torah, which is the hebrew word meaning law, these five books of the bible are genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, and. Thomas mann presents a comprehensive interpretation of the pentateuch as a whole rather than focusing on its composite parts. In this revised and expanded version of his popular book of 1988, mann engages literary criticism and theology in attending both to the composite nature of the torah or pentateuch and to its final, canonical shape. The typology of exaltation johns hopkins near eastern studies. It can most specifically mean the first five books pentateuch or five books of moses of the 24 books of the tanakh hebrew bible. Because moses was the writer, other inspired penmen, as well as jesus christ, refer to the pentateuch as the law of moses, the book of moses, or just moses. Genesis, exodus leviticus, numbers, and deuteronomy. Some scholars espouse a fragmentary hypothesis, in which the pentateuch is seen as a compilation of short, independent narratives, which.
Published by westminster john knox press 1988 full version, online pdf the book of the torah. The ot pentateuch, or torah, combines narratives and legal materials with occasional poetic sections. The narrative integrity of the pentateuch isbn 9780804200851 ship for free. Meditation on the torah, therefore, also means considering the relationship between the narrative and the commandments. The pentateuch, or what came to be known as the torah or the book of the law, is regarded as the most authoritative and highly inspired of all the old testament writings, in large part because these books contain the laws given to the israelites by yahweh. Torah refers in a specific sense to the first five books of the hebrew bible. They are always grouped together, and form, in the jewish canon the torah. In each of the three sections, the central narrative figure calls an audience together and proclaims what will happen in the end of days. The torah is often thought of and treated as one book, nevertheless, it is comprised of five books. The introduction focuses exclusively on the literary structure of the major sections of the pentateuch, with a brief closing reflection on the meaning of torah.
Four of the five books in the pentateuch deal with the time of moses, and one recent suggestion has been that we should think of the pentateuch as a biography of moses with an introduction, that is, genesis. Biblical literature old testament literature britannica. These five books form the theological foundation of the bible. The pentateuch sheds valuable light on the origin of humankind and mans fall into sin. The narrative integrity of the pentateuch god of dirt. The narrative integrity of the pentateuch by thomas w.
Abingdon, 1996 focuses on the rhetorical strategy that unifies the pentateuch and its subunits. Book of exodus, session 1 introduction yale divinity school. Pentateuch or torah jesus creed a blog by scot mcknight. This is the first five books of the bible, including the book of genesis, which god dictated to moses later on. An insightful introduction to the pentateuchal narrative, the. The pentateuch consists of the first five books of the ot. Even a cursory read of the pentateuch, the first five books of the hebrew bible, shows that the torah could not have been written by a single person because of differences in style, language and contradiction in the texts, among other things. What is the difference between the torah, the pentateuch. The nature of the pentateuch what is the pentateuch. It seeks to disclose how the original jewish readers may. Although judaism has both a written torah and an oral torah, the term torah, meaning to guideteach is used across the board to refer to the first five books. Materials from the book of deuteronomy, and associated with the language and. The name pentateuch can be traced at least as far back as ad 200, when tertullian referred to the first five books of the bible by that name.
Although judaism has both a written torah and an oral torah, the term torah, meaning to guideteach is used across the board to refer to the first five books of the greater jewish canon known as tanakh. Included in his creation was mankind, which was to act as gods representatives on earth. Librarything is a cataloging and social networking site for booklovers. A study in form in the ancient oriental documents and in the old testament.
The pentateuch refers to the first five books of the bible genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, and deuteronomy. It seeks to most scholars studying the first five books of the bible either attempt to dissect it into various prepentateuchal documents or, at the very least, analyze genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, and deuteronomy as separate, self. Different perspectives on the authorship of the torah my jewish. Genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, and deuteronomy was a process that involved multiple authors over an. Pdf the pentateuch as narrative download full pdf book. Bereshit, shemot, vayikra, bemidbar, and devarim, which correspond to the greekchristian names genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, and deuteronomy.
Read on to learn more about these first five books of the bible and the message behind the stories they present. An insightful introduction to the pentateuchal narrative, the book of the torah applies trends in narratology from biblical studies, systematic theology, ethics, and hermeneutics to the study of. The narrative integrity of the pentateuch by mann, thomas w. An insightful introduction to the pentateuchal narrative, the book of the torah applies trends in narratology from biblical studies, systematic theology, ethics, and hermeneutics to the study of these books. The pentateuch as narrative focuses on the narrative and literary continuity of the pentateuch as a whole. Every historical narrative in the bible has instructional value 1 cor 10. While jewish tradition holds that all five books were originally written by. Rhetorical strategy in the composition of the pentateuch surface. The narrative material tells the story of human history from adam to abraham, then recounts the fate of abraham and.
Law and narrative together render the character of the ancient covenant community known as israel, as well as the god who rules over that community. Mary oliver and the other book of god divine presence and guidance in israelite traditions. Genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, and deuteronomy. Law and narrative together render the character of the ancient covenant. In the first book of the torah, genesis, we see god create a good and perfect world.
Biblical literature biblical literature old testament literature. Pentateuch torah definition and meaning bible dictionary. This attempts to answer the question in terms of the literary genre of the pentateuch. If we want to know what kind of a book we are reading, we skim over the first few pages to see how it starts and what point of view the author adopts. The narrative integrity of the pentateuch theres a problem loading this menu right now. Book of exodus, session 1 introduction the book of exodus is the second book of the torah or pentateuch, the first five books of the old testament. The jews called it torah instruction which is often. The composition of the torah was a process that involved multiple authors over an extended period of time. The torahpentateuch the first five books of jewish and. Modern critical scholarship tends to hold that there were originally four. Mankind, however, had other ideas and chose to define what. Literary, historical, and theological perspectives on whether the torah is divine. For the most part, both jewish and christian tradition credit moses with primary authorship of the pentateuch. The five books of moses in the torah learn religions.
It seeks to disclose how the original jewish readers may have viewed this multivolume work of moses. The legal characterization of god in the pentateuch surface. The pentateuch purports to present a continuous narrative that starts with the. For this reason it is vital to recognize the special character of the first five books of the old testament.919 1159 941 1524 235 658 23 1359 286 678 736 1327 684 1078 136 506 256 1467 93 227 857 1495 622 533 1144 860 578 952 140 602 1244 966 1462 235