Do not put to our account innocent literary unity of jonah 4 a a great evil came upon jonah his anger 4. Jonah studies questions for four sessions 3 session 4 jonah and the new testament 1. Jonah 1 matthew henrys commentary on the whole bible. Jonah 4 commentary, one of over 110 bible commentaries freely available. He chose to flee away from god rather than obey him. Summary far from being pleased at the fruitful outcome of his preaching, jonah was angry that the lord had spared the ninevites. The book of jonah was written roughly 3000 years ago by the prophet jonah. Since the gentiles first responded to the gospel as recorded in the book of acts we saw. What parallels can you discern between the actions and attitudes of the characters in the book of jonah including god, and the actions and attitudes of the characters in jesus parable of the. While jonah eventually did what he was asked to do, the book closes with showing jonah as a.
Jonah 1 inductive bible study with questions for small groups. A couple of the key themes we find in this book are gods sovereignty the fact that he is in control. Bible observation text worksheets free bible text observation worksheets we use these for observing and marking the text in inductive bible study to print we have observation worksheets in the landscape format, too, for those who like extra room for notes. He was gods instrument to carry out gods will on earth. By all appearances, jonah s rage is such he is challenging god to respond with the. Literary unity of jonah 4 a a great evil came upon jonah his anger 4.
We sin against the spirit of the book jonah in trying to take it as real history. If jonah justly grieved for one withering shrub, it was far more. Jonah repines at gods mercy to nineveh, and is reproved. We read, with a great deal of pleasure, in the close of the foregoing chapter, concerning the repentance of nineveh.
God never gives up on jonah not when he runs away and not when he sits under a vine. Firstly, jonah had every good reason he thought to wish gods judgment on the ninevites. In jonah chapter 4, jonah becomes angry concerning the particular turn of events in. Jonah 4, new international version niv the bible app. The foundational source for the book was likely jonah s own telling of the story after his return from nineveh. Conservative scholars place the writing of the book of jonah before 745 b. God uses a plant, a worm, and a hot east wind to teach jonah 4. Jonah 4 commentary james burton coffman commentaries on the.
A vehement east wind that with the sun exhausts jonah 4. Because of his disobedience, god sent a storm so great that it caused even seasoned sailors to be afraid, but jonah was asleep, and unaware of the storm. This helps in finding out the theme of the paragraph. He prayed to the lord, isnt this what i said, lord, when i was still at home. Jonah 2 is packed almost completely with a prayer connected to jonah s experiences while waiting in the belly of the great fish that had swallowed him. Jonah 4 commentary matthew henry commentary on the whole. But in jonah 4, god will pursue jonah to uncover jonah s heart. But to jonah this seemed very wrong, and he became angry. Date since jonah prophesied during the reign of jeroboam ii 782753. The purposeful pursuit of the grace of god jonah 4. Provided to youtube by distrokid book of jonah, chapter 4 helmet lampshade how i left the monastery. Chapter 4 the book of jonah lake erie bible church pt ken reed 4 41.
Just because we go through the motions of following gods will does not mean our hearts are aligned with his. Click to download, print or view the inductive study approach formatted for adobe acrobat reader. From a structural point of view, jonah displays five parts rather than four. God uses the plant to teach jonah an object lesson 4. Jonah prophesied to nineveh but he wasnt happy about it jonah 4. In this sermon, jerry gifford deals with how the book of jonah ends abruptly. In rebellion and fear, jonah instead sought to run away from god and boarded a boat heading for tarshish. The book is anonymous, and there are no indicators elsewhere in scripture to identify the author. They proclaimed a fast and dressed in sackclothfrom the greatest of them to the least. Jonah, like our cat, was stubbornly attacking god in chapter 4. Observation is not just seeing but perceiving what one sees, so that one becomes mentally.
Aug 23, 2018 4 jonah set out on the first day of his walk in the city and proclaimed, in 40 days nineveh will be demolished. In fact, only one verse summarizes his message to the people of nineveh 3. Inductive bible study method bookmark a 2sided bookmark that provides the basic steps of observation, interpretation, and application crucial for using the inductive approach to hear god speaking through his word. The reference is to what is said in the last verse of the preceding chapter, viz. The title of the book is the name of the main character, jonah. Have you ever found yourself wanting to turn and run away rather. The essentials here are jehovah and jonahgod and manthat is what the book is all about.
A study of the book of jonah observation questions. The book seems to drop off a cliff without any further resolution. Modern scholars are divided as to whether jonah composed the prayer during his time in the fish or recorded it later the text does not make it clear, and its not important to make a distinction. But he could not understand how god could love even foreign nations who did bad things. I knew that you are a gracious and compassionate go.
Through some supernatural events, god convinced him to obey and carry out the lords plan. Many childrens books that tell the story of jonah exclude chapter 4. The incidentals in the book of jonah are the fish, the gourd, the east wind, the boat, and even the city of nineveh. As you read this chapter you cant help but notice the interplay between god and this heartless prophet. All of nature obeys god in this book but a prophet of god does not. Returning to god a heartless prophet jonah 4 lifeway. Gods ministry to jonah chapter 4 the bible exposition commentary, cook communications, colorado springs, 2002, p. The story of jonah is among the most exciting stories in the bible. This attribute of the deity is still farther illustrated by his tenderness and condescension to the prophet himself, who, with all his prophetic gifts, had much of human infirmity, jonah 4.
Studies in the minor prophets jonah messenger to nineveh. Apr 15, 2018 jonah 2 is packed almost completely with a prayer connected to jonah s experiences while waiting in the belly of the great fish that had swallowed him. The lord had given a specific great fish a new task swallow jonah. Chapter 4 of jonah is a short passage that represents the climax of the narrative and closes the book, but curiously does not present an end. There he made himself a shelter, sat in its shade and waited to see what would happen to the city. How would you compare the repentance of the ninevites here with jonah s repentance in chapter 2.
How the knowledge of this reprieve was conveyed to the prophet we am not informed. After jonah s complaint, god explains in verses 1011 why it is silly for jonah to care so much about a plant and so little about a city full of peopleand thats the end. Summarygod told jonah to go to ninevah and warn them of gods wrath, due to their wickedness. Regarding the speculation mentioned in the previous chapter concerning the funeral for jonah in israel, see under jonah, the great old testament type, at the end of this chapter. Assyrias willingness to repent may have been helped by. And it was in the sense that he was speaking to god. It is a short book with full of great truths and lessons for us. The following structure is based on a careful analysis of the content of jonah in the hebrew text. And here he displayed the deliberation and resource that we observed on. So jonah went out of the city, and sat on the east side of the city, and there made him a booth, and sat under it in the shadow, till he might see what would become of the city. That is what i tried to forestall by fleeing to tarshish.
Their wickedness, as that of nineveh, is a bold and open affront to god. Please read our guideline on how to lead a bible study before starting. Jonah 4 niv jonahs anger at the lords bible gateway. He quotes short fragments from various psalms, and adapts them to meet his own case. This whole chapter of eleven verses deals almost exclusively with jonah s disappointment, anger, and resentment because of the conversion of the ninevites, and with the gentle persuasion of the lord, who provided motivation for jonah, pointing him toward a more acceptable attitude.
Jonah was an unwilling prophet given an assignment which he found displeasing. Most striking of all is the application of psalm 16. Observation describes the act of taking notice, fixing the mind upon, beholding with attention and as used in science includes the idea of making and recording ones findings, a skill certainly applicable to fruitful inductive study of the scriptures. Who are the main characters or groups of people found in jonah chapter 4. Sermon jonah 4 angry jonah and our compassionate god. But this book of the bible is not named after a hero jonah is no hero. When we left jonah at the end of chapter three he had just witnessed what could well be the greatest revival recorded in the bible. An exposition, with practical observations, of the book of jonah. Jonah 4 niv bible but to jonah this seemed very wrong. T he book of jonah is an old testament story which tells about how the prophet jonah refused to follow the lord. Similar profit oriented compassion can be observed in todays context.
They were the great tyrants of the middle east, the persecutors of israel, an ungodly mob fully deserving of his gods wrath. Jonah 4 begin with prayer asking god to lead and guide you as you study his word. Why do you think jesus makes a connection to this incident in matthew 12. The ecological reading on the book of jonah invites us to the pilgrimage. Chapter 4, the last in the book of jonah, should be filled with great thankfulness and rejoicing then. Jonah chapter 4 coffmans commentary of the new testament. Bible observation text worksheets beloved truth international. And even more thankfully, our god does not give up on us when we try to do that. In chapter 1, jonah simply sought to withdraw from gods service, but in chapter 4, jonah attacks god, persisting that it is his right to be angry with him. I knew that you are a gracious and compassionate god, slow to anger and abounding in love, a god who relents. Book of jonah overview insight for living ministries. We have been studying these days in the book of jonah. This book is different from the other prophetic books because it tells the story of the prophet and does not center on his prophecies. This was strange, because usually the preacher is pleased when the congregation repents, but jonah wasnt.
Jonah 4 commentary james burton coffman commentaries on. When i read the third and fourth chapters of the book of jonah, i get that same feeling that i had when i observed our cat stalking hehaw. The book begins with god telling jonah to go to the great city of nineveh. The whole of jonah 4 is an account of jonah s displeasure. Home bible studies the book of jonah questions for discussion jonah.
One of the very reasons he had fled to tarshish was so that the lord would not be merciful to the ninevites, because he knew that the lord is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger, abounding in. Verses 12 this book is a story about god and jonah. Whatever the reasons for jonah s anger, he was wrong in it. At the beginning of the story, he is running away from god, and at the end, he is arguing with god. His complaint of gods mercy revealed his rebellious heart 4. There are allusions, in his prayer, to the great messianic psalms 22, 69 and 16. In chapter 2, jonah prayed that god would save his life, but in chapter 4, jonah prayed that god would take his life. Simile a direct comparison of two things that are essentially different. In one or two sentences, summarize the paragraphs in esther chapter 4. This book of jonah, though it be placed here in the midst of the prophetical books of scripture, is yet rather a history than a prophecy. Jonah 4 new international version niv jonah s anger at the lord s compassion. Pfeiffer, states, it is fictiona short story with a moral like the book of ruthor the stories about daniel jonah is a perfectly good short storywith a beginning, a middle, and an endthe author of jonah. Read jonah chapter 4 a printout of this chapter is attached. Yahweh asks whether jonah has a right to that anger.
But in jonah 4, god will pursue jonah to uncover jonahs heart. Questions for discussion jonah the living word library. The book of jonah is more about god and how great gods love is. We are told that the lord prepared a great fish, a gourd, a worm, and a sultry east wind. It is also mentioned ny jesus as a picture of his death and resurrection matthew 12. The foundational source for the book was likely jonahs own telling of the story after his return from nineveh.208 911 645 1552 1102 64 935 902 983 269 631 938 367 230 560 834 521 499 748 669 36 29 718 452 379 334 1297 1152 131 1390 480 1089 268 421 846