Islam started to become an important religion at the beginning of the 7th century. If at times i find myself disagreeing with the christians, it is not over the religion of jesus, but over the altered shape and, features that it developed after the departure of christ. Islam is a religion based upon the surrender to god who is one. Article entitled dialogue of civilizations and a classical reading of religion 23. Right click the pdf link and select save as to download our files. As a muslim, this author can state that, for the most part, these authors have a tendency to miss the true spirit of islam and what islam is all about. A look at the various principles of islam which show that islam is truly a mercy to the world, and the indiscriminate violence and terrorism is not condoned by the religion. The prohibition against depicting god resulted in the absence of religious themes in pictorial art and led to restrictions in the. Racism, tribalism, andnationalism divided the world before islam. The first chapter, some evidence for the truth of islam, answers some important questions which some people ask. Islam, major world religion that emphasizes monotheism, the unity of god allah in arabic, and muhammad as his final messenger in a series of revelations. According to the best estimates, there are 800,000,000 to 1 billion muslims worldwide. The techings of the quran can be fulfilled through the development of the umma. Irans population is about 82,000,000 people, and islam is the religion of 99.
The simple beauty of understanding where people are coming from in their thinking and having proper knowledge of islam and the methodology of explaining islam menhaj ad dawah, is demonstrated here to show how close some of the statements against islam are to actually in fact verifying the proof that islam is the only correct religion with allah. The religion of islam a comparison of islam and christianity introduction 1. Islam is the religion of 98% of iranians of which approximately 89% are shi. The korans audience is universal, without limitation on gender, culture, or religious beliefs. A general introduction to religion and ethics religion occupies a central place in all speculations, ancient or modern, east or west.
It is the first religion, which had a universal beginning. By 650 bce, the zoroastrian faith, a monotheistic religion founded on the ideas of the philosopher zoroaster, had become the official. Islam and muslim societies 319 in a nigerian city david o. Islam means peace resulting from submission to god, and represents the divine code for a disciplined, contented and harmonious life of man on earth, already existed in one form or another long before the advent of the holy prophet mohammed. Islam is the secondlargest religion in the world today, with an estimated 1. This encyclopedia of psychology and religion illustrates, even to the skeptical, the vital importance of religion in our world and the serious depths of its symbolic universe.
Founded by the iranian prophet and reformer zoroaster in the 6th. Islam came to afghanistan between 650 and 900 ad and has had a decisive influence on the countrys culture and history ever since. When the founding fathers spoke about religious freedom, it was mainly in the context of various christian denominations, not something as wholly other. Feb 09, 2017 zoroastrianism is the ancient, preislamic religion of persia modernday iran. Islam has exerted considerable influence on the art of muslim countries. Islam is commonly used as the name of a religion whose followers are referred to as muslims. What is the meaning of islam and what are the followers of islam called.
Muslims, the followers of islam, are worldwide and number 1. In previous studies, we have directed our focus on islam. Ogungbile 15 religionstate relations in malaysia 343 joseph b. Islam spread to many parts of northern africa and even got as far as spain in the west and india and china in the east. These works have a tendency to concentrate on secondary issues, historical developments among the muslims themselvesor deviations.
In 1501, safavid dynasty established the twelver shi. The precise name of the religion, al islam in arabic, implies on the double accommodation and peace, for it is in submitting to gods will that individuals pick up peace in their lives in this world and in the great beyond. Islam is the second largest of the three major monotheistic religions, the others being christianity and judaism. The true religion of islam is buried under piles upon piles of traditions and human made inventions that have been. Interpretative approaches to the questions 395 of islamic female dress. Birth rates and total numbers of muslims, compared to christians. Is the quran truly the literal word of god, revealed by him. The beliefs, activities, and cultural events of the ancient iranians in ancient iran are complex matters. It survives there in isolated areas but primarily exists in india, where the descendants of zoroastrian persian immigrants are known as parsis, or parsees. Soroush on nonorthodox interpretation of muslim revelation 86 %. We carry a wide range of books on varied subjects like.
Nearly 90% of iranian muslims are shia and about 10% are sunni. After that, there were successive dynasties who adopted the shi. The origin of islam is placed around 610 ce when muhammad, a highly spiritual and religious man who spent. Humanity, however, needed a revival in an uptodate form. The survey questionnaire and a topline with full results are available as a pdf. D volume two for free book service please write to. Islam arabic for submission is a monotheistic faith based on revelations received by the prophet muhammad in 7thcentury saudi arabia. The religious texts of the zoroastrian faith of ancient persia are referred to as the avesta. The christian is brought up to believe that his religion is the only true one, with judaism as a preparation for christianity, and that all other religions are. A follower of the religion of islam is called a muslim which means one who is in submission to the divine will. The word islam means submission, or the total surrender of oneself to god.
Christianity is currently the largest religion in the world. When comparing muslim attitudes toward sharia as official law and its. D volume one for free book service please write to. Most sunnis in iran are kurds, achomis, turkmens, and baluchs, living in the northwest, northeast, south, and southeast. The oldest part is the gathas, which includes a collection of hymns and one of the oldest examples of religious poetry attributed to the prophet zoroaster ca. It contains a lot of brief, yet informative articles about different aspects of islam. The issue is whether, in the context of civil government, free exercise of religion is equally a right for every religion, including islam.
It is currently the secondlargest religion in the world, with about 1. Although its roots go back further, scholars typically date the creation of islam to. Islam is the religion of peace 3 introduction terrorism is of two kinds. This website is for people of various faiths who seek to understand islam and muslims. The religion of islam article about the religion of. An assumption took shape that, whilst rural peoples or desert anchorites could indeed be faithful muslims, the good islamic life could best be lived in an urban community where as an obvious manifestion of group. The ancient iranians made references to a combination of several aryans and nonaryan tribes. Religions of the world are a great driving force in imparting guidance and inspiration to human beings in general. The religion of islam pdf book free urdu books pdf. He founded and ruled the first islamic state in the middle east. In the words of lord headley, islam and christianity. Islamic religion hilalplaza is a complete portal of authentic islamic books based on the quran and sunnah.
Historical, political 377 and social struggle radwan ziadeh 17 many hijabs. The first thing that one should know and clearly understand about islam is what the word islam itself means. In arabic, however, the word islam literally means submission to. Secondly, the very attacks made against islam and its unity by certain western authors who point to the sunnishiite division and often fail to remember the similar divisions within every other world religion. A factual book listing 101 contradictions in the bible. Islam is a monotheistic, abrahamic religion based on the same abraham as in christianity and judaism originating with the teachings of the islamic prophet muhammad, a 7th century arab religious and political figure. The religion of islam is not named after a person as in the case of christianity which was named after jesus christ, buddhism after gotama buddha, confucianism after confucius, and marxism after karl marx. Allah, subhanahu wataaala, has therefore chosen for us a religion best suited to the nature of mankind, a religion that goes neither to the extremes of hardship nor of laxity, but instead. A universal religion4introduction the muslim approach to comparative religion is quite different from the christian approach. Free download pdf book the religion of islam in the english language. Religion a thousand years of the persian book exhibitions. Various great minds have named this degenerate islam variously. The essence of all religions is the attainment of selfhappiness.
A muslim isnt a mohammedan, and muslims dont belong to a mohammedan religion, because muhammad is only a man. For those already immersed in religious studies, it demonstrates layers of meaning that are enriched not reduced by the tools of psychological investigation. The issue as to whether islam is a religion of peace 2. The most appropriate label of his specialisation, if ever one could exist, is that of metaphysics, particularly applied to the study of traditions. This is mainly because the islam practiced by the muslims around the world today is vastly different than what is presented in the quran. In architecture this influence was felt in the appearance and wide distribution of such new types of buildings as mosques, minarets, khankas, madrasas, and caravanseies.
The religious works in the exhibition represent confessional and philosophical traditions of the various faiths practiced in the persianspeaking world today. Aryans, or ancient iranians, worshiped natural elements such as the sun, sunlight and thunder, but they eventually shifted their attention mostly to a single god, whilst acknowledging. As the literal word of god, the quran makes known the will of god, to which humans must surrender lending the name islam, meaning surrender. Islam is the second largest religion in the world after christianity, with about 1. Islam a brief overview of the history of islam the origin of islam is. The religion is currently in a period of rapid growth. Islam has always conceived a political role for religion, a fact that has increasingly become apparent to westerners faced with muslims in their midst. Kalasha religion, the ancient faith of the kalash people in afghanistan.
The early followers of prophet muhammad peace is upon him came from arabia, africa, iran, asia, and the west. Islam is an abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one god allah, and. Zoroastrianism is the ancient, preislamic religion of persia modernday iran. Religion and american foreign policy religion and american. Westerners are caught in a bind in the face of muslim demands. Babism, a mid19th century monotheistic religion founded by the bab that was a predecessor of the bahai faith. Islam, the religion of ease allah, subhanahu wataaala, is the creator of mankind and therefore knows his nature more intricately than mankind himself. These verses usually carry universal teachings, warnings, and glad tidings. The significant role of sufism in central asia pdf.
The terrorism that is evil is injustice, double standards, tyranny, and aggression, in all the hateful connotations that these words. Islam islam is an arabic word meaning ku school of nursing. This book is dedicated to those who openmindedly seek knowledge wherever it is. A muslim is the name of a member of the islamic religion. Islam is the youngest of the 5 major religions of the world. Bahai faith, an emerging monotheistic religion founded by bahaullah, a 19thcentury persian exile. Johnston 9 civil islam, means and end of liberal piety. However, the koran specifically addresses six general groups of people in various passages and at varying lengths.127 36 808 1042 90 993 1004 1148 806 491 1319 185 1062 832 414 1179 4 716 1532 1286 78 334 240 581 542 1007 471 285 388 291 230 850 647 1040 392 1300 117 1271 1001 1024 738 182 801