Pdf the purpose of the present work was to determine the phenolic and. The apiaceae is one of the major families for culinary herbs and root crops. There are also some genera containing familiar ornamentals, such as alcea hollyhock, malva mallow and lavatera tree mallow, as well as tilia lime or linden tree. Sepals 48, in two isomerous whorls or 5 in one whorl, free or slightly united at the base, imbricate persistent. Genera in myrtaceae family department of primary industries. Leaves are dark green to red, alternate, glabrous, long. It is allied to the mallow family malvaceae, to which the cotton plant belongs, and is characteristic of the tropics. It is a globally distributed family with primary concentrations of genera in the tropical and subtropical regions. Pdf morphological, anatomical, cytological and palynological. Has four petals, inferior ovary, and eight stamens.
Leaves alternate, simple, palmately veined with stipules flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, often subtended by bracteoles that form an epicalyx, filaments united into a tube or column monadelphous, infl. A cosmopolitan family, though primarily tropical and subtropical. Myrtle, pohutukawa, bay rum tree, clove, guava, acca feijoa, allspice, and eucalyptus are some notable members of this group. Fabaceae leguminosae pea or bean family peas, greenstring beans, fava beans, hyacinth bean, cowpea, peanut.
The branches are spreading, sometimes in layers and the leaves frequently turn yellow or red before falling rare in other plants in hawaii. The family malvaceae comprises of an accepted 246 genera of over 4000 species that occur as herbaceous, shrubs, and less often trees. In this paper, we will call the species by its common name roselle. The plants are almost cosmopolitan in distribution but many of which are confined to tropics and subtropics. The classification then extends to genus and species usually allowing us to identify an. It is not a part of the apg, apg ii and apg iii classifications, being sunk in malvaceae but has an extensive historical record of use all through its existence the family has had a very lively history, with various authors taking very different views on what should be part of this family. Fiscus elasticu rubber tree is cultivated form obtaining commercial rubber cultivation of silk worm. Pines are among the most commercially important of tree species, valued for their. Malvaceae sphaeralcea reforestation, nurseries and. The reason for studying the characteristics of a healthy family is to encourage and strengthen the family and to move toward an enriched family life by using the.
Flowers have five petals in a tube like a potato flower. Malvaceae wikipedia bahasa indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas. The fabaceae, also called leguminosae or bean and pea family, is the third largest family of angiosperms after orchidaceae orchids and asteraceae daisies, sunflowers, and second only to poaceae grasses in terms of agricultural and economic importance. Usually shrub and tender part of the plant contains a lubricating substance called mucilage. Malva verticillata, which belongs to the family malvaceae, is an herb with a wide ecological range and. Cymes arranged in an umbellate fashion and enclosed by 23 membrous, bract. According to the list of species of flora of brazil, 69 genera and 754 species are indicated, with 30 genera distributed in 393 taxa of the subfamily malvoideae 2, 3. This is a family of unique plants with mostly basal leaves and minute flowers crowded on a fleshy stalk that is often surrounded by a large, colored bract called a spathe. The family consists of about 85 genera and 1500 species among which 111 species found in india.
The combretaceae, often called the white mangrove family, are a family of flowering plants in the order myrtales. The position of malvaceae sensu apg within the higher levels of the classification of the terrestrial biota is not disputed. Family tends to be the highest taxonomic level at which characters useful to genus and species identification are. Pdf bergeys manual of determinative bacteriology lasinrang. When grouping vegetables, take the 11 families into account. Terminalia catappa, tropical almond, false kamani, kamanihaole. Moraceae exhibit a complex array of inflorescence architectures, breeding systems, and pollination syndromes, which forms the basis of traditional taxonomic classification.
Drawings by ruth hurst botanical classification assigns plants to families. The plant list includes a further 1,685 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family malvaceae. The multiaccess key is particularly useful for in complete material, but it is worth stressing that specimens without at least developing fruit are usually very difficult to identify. Hutchinson placed the single family under malvales.
Manfaat lainnya adalah sebagai tanaman hias dan farmasetika. C petals of rose are used tor extraction of rose oil. Classification for kingdom plantae down to family malvaceae. If you have seen a hollyhock or hibiscus flower, then you can recognize the mallow family. Grows up to 24 feet in height with dark pink flowers portland nursery. These 2 genera contain around 70 species across the world and a dozen in finland.
The members of this family are well distributed in the northern extratropical and temperate countries. Hibiscus or mallow family okra, roselle, cotton, hibiscus. The geraniaceae is a family of herbaceous plants or small shrubs, sometimes with succulent stems the family is noted for its often palmately veined and lobed leaves, although some also have pinnately divided leaves the leaves all have pairs of stipules at their base the flowers may be regular and symmetrical or somewhat irregular. There are an equal number or twice as many stamens as petals. The fabaceae or leguminosae, commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family, are a. Many species of the family are known to be cultivated as ornamental plants such as the mallow the genus malva of plants such as the musk, tree and marsh mallows and hibiscus or for natural fibers such as cotton the genus gossypium or jute genus. Malvaceae, theaceae, onagraceae, chenopodiaceae etc.
Bennett encyclopedia of life support systemseolss compound leaves are alternate. The plant list includes 14,258 scientific plant names of species rank for the family malvaceae. Hanes herbs, subshrubs, shrubs, or trees, usually stellatehairy. Bombacaceae members flowers are often large and showy. The traditional 4 family classification was not universally accepted, and with the addition of molecular data has become untenable. Worldwide there are about 85 genera and 1500 species, including 27 genera in north america. Malvaceae mallow family herbs, shrubs and rarely trees.
Nov 11, 2014 the family comamonadaceae is a large and diverse bacterial family belonging to the order burkholderiales. Tomato, eggplant, bell pepper, chili pepper, tobacco, and potato. The branches of crataegus are used as walking sticks and wood. Legumes includes a large number of domesticated species harvested as crops for human and. The following pages provide basic familiy characteristics for most of the families covered in the lab. Recent analyses of dna sequences strongly supported including the family in the rosales, beside the closest relatives barbeyaceae and dirachmaceae see angiosperm phylogeny group ii, bot. Malvaceae the mallow family 250 genera 4,200 species distribution. Engler and prantl put this family together with tiliaceae, bombaceae and sterculiaceae in the order malvales. All species are woody, contain essential oils, and have flower parts in multiples of four or five.
Myrtaceae or the myrtle family is a family of dicotyledonous plants placed within the order myrtales. Here identifying characteristics of malvaceae family along with essential figures and one suitable example. Species of malvaceae contained within the plant list belong to 236 plant genera. It is regularly enlarged with new genera and species and currently comprises over 100 species. They are all monocotyledons which thrive in damp and wet conditions. They often bear supernumerary bracts in the structure of a bicolor unit. They generally have five valvate sepals, most frequently basally connate, with five imbricate petals. This order consists of a single family the malvaceae. The family includes the leadwood tree, combretum imberbe. Plants of the family contain a milky latex and have alternate or opposite leaves and small. Leaves alternate, usually spiral, sometimes distichous malvoideae, usually petiolate, sometimes subsessile or sessile malvoideae, stipulate usually well developed, simple compound in abelmoschus. Species of combretaceae contained within the plant list belong to 15 plant genera.
The pine family 12 genera 225 species distribution. Cotton is the only member of this family with documented poisonous properties. Malvaceae has no features exclusive to the family, therefore it is a set of features, which are. Small, white, regular bisexual, hypogynous, sometimes replaced by bulbils. Sharma, in genetic improvement of vegetable crops, 1993. Does not transplant well unless less than three weeks old. In althea rosea it is a racemose raceme, in hibiscus rosasinesis it is both axillary, solitary and terminal solitary. Doubleclick any word on the page to look it up in the dictionary. Biol 474 plant family descriptions alaska geobotany center. English for beginners practical english travel english telephone english banking english accounting english dictionary. Betulaceae latin ancient name for birch probably derived from sanskrit bhurga, a tree whose bark is used for writing upon. This family is often the dominant component of boreal and montane forests. This family includes celery apium graveolens, carrot daucus carota fennel foeniculum vulgare, parsley petroselinum crispum, dill anethum graveolens, cilantro coriandrum sativum and cumin cuminum cyminum.
Wild species may be smaller, but you will know you have a mallow when you find a funnelshaped flower with 5 separate petals and a distinctive column of stamens surrounding the pistil. Complete information on the characteristics of the family. Genera in myrtaceae family genera in myrtaceae ref. Indies now common in hawaii, especially along the coasts. All veins run from point of leaf attachment palmate. Information about family malvaceae in the dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. Pdf complete chloroplast genome sequence of hibiscus. Family lamiaceae australian national botanic gardens. Identifying characteristics of malvaceae family qs study. Representatives occur in all except the coldest parts of the world but are most numerous in the tropics. Pollen morphology of malvaceae and its taxonomic significance. All others seem to be safe for edible and medicinal uses. Beberapa malvaceae merupakan penghasil kayu perdagangan. Bombacaceae, the bombax or kapok family of flowering trees and shrubs, in the mallow order malvales, comprising 27 genera.
According to hutchinson this is the thirty third order of the phylum angiospermae, subphylum dicotyledones and division lignosae. Plants of the arum family if you have ever seen an anthurium, or little boy plant, then you have met a member of the arum family. Smilacaceae, the greenbrier family, is a family of flowering plants. A list of all accepted names in combretaceae is available in csv format. The cotton stainer is part of the bug family that all feed on the wild hibiscus family malvaceae and are of economic significance in tropicl areas usa. The mallow family malvaceae contains some 243 genera and at least 4,225 species of herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees distributed nearly worldwide. Pseudomonadineae breed, murray and smith, subordo nov 67 family i. Real knowledge of the characteristics of species may also be very incomplete. Many legumes have characteristic flowers and fruits. Papaveraceae is renowned worldwide for its beautiful and useful plants the family is mainly in the northern hemisphere with numerous species in eastern asia as well as western north america, including california the family is noted for its alkaloids and opiates, which are widely used in medicine as well as misused as narcotics.
The family malvaceae to which cultivated okra belongs is one of the recalcitrant species for plant regeneration through tissue culture. Tilia is no longer within the family to which it gives its name, and therefore this family would have to be renamed, as grewiaceae. Members of the family often feature showy fivepetaled flowers with an epicalyx fused bracts below the sepals. If paraphyletic groupings are accepted a 5 family classification similar to the traditional classification with byttneriaceae is possible, with the transfer of some species and genera. Three genera, conocarpus, laguncularia, and lumnitzera, grow in mangrove habitats mangals. Field characteristics of common plant families in new mexico. The stem is coarse and consists of starshaped hairs on the lower portion while the upper section of the stem remains smooth. In india, there are 22 genera and about 110 species. Some trees of this family are grown for their excellent shade from sun rays. The petals of some common roses are called gulabs in many asian countries like pakistan. Almost half of them are in the genus rhododendron, coming mainly from china, and there are around 500 species of erica, most of them from southern africa. They are mainly ornamental plants, but include vegetables of the onion family onion, garlic, leek, chives and asparagus, and some species have been used medicinally. Palmae is a monocotyledonous plant family containing species of tropical climbers, shrubs and trees commonly known as palm trees or simply palms figs. It is commonly called cotton family or mallow family.
About the classification report about the classification download. Grouping vegetables according to plant families louis. The cattail family nowadays has 2 genera, having been joined by genus spaganium which was earlier classified in a family of its own. The ovary is positioned inferior, within a floral cup hypanthium. The flowers are bisexual, with 3 sepals and 3 petals. Botanic description roselle belongs to malvaceae family. Usually shrub and tender part of the plant contains a lubricating substance called mucilage ii leaf. Following are the important characters of malvaceae. Malvaceae is a family consisting of herbs, subshrubs, shrubs, lianas, and small and large trees, with about 250 genera and 4,200 species, of which, in brazil, about 80 genera and 400 species are found. Wellknown members of economic importance include okra, cotton, cacao and durian. Plant characteristics perennial subshrub with flowering time in late spring to early summer. Malvaceae, the hibiscus, or mallow, family order malvales containing some 243 genera and at least 4,225 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees.
The traditional malvaceae coincides exactly with one of the major clades. This is one of the largest plant families, with about 3500 species distributed throughout the world. Pdf chemical profile of malva neglecta and malvella sherardiana. Evening primrose family the delicate flowers of this family have regular, bisexual flowers with 4 separate sepals and 4 separate petals rarely 2, 3 or 5 of each. The leaves of mulberry are used for cultivation of silk worms. These plants have particular characteristics, and the family name ends in aceae. Phylogeny group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants. Malvaceae sensu lato malvaceae including sterculiaceae, tiliaceae and bombacaceae subclass. Superior ovary that forms a capsule or a plump berry. Malvaceae, or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. Malvaceae is a dicotyledonous family comprising about 82 genera and 1500 species, distributed almost throughout the world and particularly abundant in trpics. Vegetable plantvegetable plant families and page f their.
The genera within this family are grouped together based on similar reproductive structures e. Petals 48, more or less united, in one whorl or more rarely double the number of sepals in two whorls, united in semifunnel shaped rotate or lenceolate corolla, corolla lobes imbricate or contorted in bud, rarely petals with dorsal appendages which resemble. Flowers are actinomorphic and without subtending bracts ebracteate. It is worth a trip to the floral store to see the unique flowers, but far more exciting to find them in the wild. Stamens numerous, monadelphous, staminal tube present around the style. The very small 5merous flowers have an inferior ovary composed of 25 connate carpels. However, the systematic classification and chloroplast cp genome of kenaf has not been reported to date. The ericaceae family consists of more than 70 genera and over 1,900 species. Kenaf hibiscus cannabinus is one of the most fastgrowing bast in the world and belongs to the family malvaceae. They are widely varied and include several important crops, which are mainly used as sources. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Up to some decades ago the genera now included in family smilacaceae were often assigned to a more broadly defined family liliaceae, but for the past twenty to thirty years most botanists have accepted smilacaceae as a distinct family. The malvaceae info web site provides information, both botanical and horticultural, on the angiosperm family malvaceae sensu apg which includes the traditional bombacaceae and much of the traditional sterculiaceae byttneriaceae and tiliaceae, together with a little material on related families in the order malvales and of general botanical content.
Very fast growing, need to be kept moist, not wet, use lots of compost. The family includes about 530 species of trees, shrubs, and lianas in ca 10 genera. Myrtaceae do you know this botanical familychris morrissey and margaret macdonald. Biological characteristics, nutritional and medicinal.
Extensive geographic range, with the majority of species in temperate climates, but found from subarctic to tropical. Tracheophyta vascular spermatophyta seed bearing angiospermae enclosed seeds class. Pdf introduction and economical value of some species of. In this study, we sequenced the cp genome of kenaf and conducted phylogenetic and comparative analyses in the family of malvaceae.
Grouping plants by botanical family makes it possible to save space and promote mutual protection among vegetables. Whereas one species of the geraniaceae family pelargonium graveolens and three species of the malvaceae family malva sylvestris, m. Perianth is of 4 sepals and 4 petals in a cruciform crosslike arrangement. It consists of 28 genera and 700 species rendle out of which 45 species are found in india. Abstract the mulberry family moraceae comprises 37 genera and approximately 1,100 species distributed throughout tropical and temperate regions worldwide. Moraceae, the mulberry family of the rose order rosales, with about 40 genera and some 1,000 species of deciduous or evergreen trees and shrubs, distributed mostly in tropical and subtropical regions.
Unesco eolss sample chapters economic botany twentyfive economically important plant families b. The family malvaceae includes about 243 genera and at least 4 225 species of herbs, shrubs and trees. Morphological evolution in the mulberry family moraceae. The wood of pints pactia is used for making tobacco pipes commercial and medicinal uses of petuls. Plants of the orchid family the orchids are the only monocot plants in the northern latitudes with distinctive, irregular blossoms. This is a family of around 3000 apecies in 100 genera, found all over the world except australia. They usually have five sepals and petals and many stamens. Hibiscus, or rosemallow, is a large genus of about 200220 species of flowering plants in the family malvaceae. Hollyhock, hibiscus, and cotton are members of this family. The plant list includes 1,779 scientific plant names of species rank for the family combretaceae. Family myrtaceae australian national botanic gardens. They can be unisexual or bisexual, and are generally actinomorphic, often associated with conspicuous bracts, forming an epicalyx. Moraceae mulberry family trees, shrubs, rarely herbs leaves alternate, simple, often lobed, 2 stipules flowers unisexual in a variety of inflorescences, including catkins windpollinated with the exception of ficus fruit a multiple composed of many small drupes seed without endosperm 40 genera, species, more than 500 species of ficus. The only possible problem is the relationship with the bombacaceae, which also has primarily 1loculed anthers, and some authorities have suggested that the bombacaceae should be included within the malvaceae.1376 1119 510 1177 1288 7 860 1071 1531 519 836 854 1399 963 1267 146 1161 699 175 165 1519 935 365 1409 647 1408 1164 1148 1159 542 1140 1034 1102 1368